(507) 477-3235 9 Sixth Ave SE, Hayfield, MN 55940

Mrs. Masching


Sixth grade science covers physical science standards.  We will cover 5 units throughout the year.

Science Learning Targets

Unit 0 Introduction to Science Current and emerging technologies have enabled humans to develop and use models to understand and communicate how natural and designed systems work and interact.

I can determine and use appropriate safety procedures and tools in a physical science context.

I can demonstrate the conversion of units within the metric system.

I can estimate the magnitude of common objects and quantities using metric units.

I can demonstrate the conversion of units within the International System of Units (SI). Forces have magnitude and direction and affect the motion of objects.

I can distinguish between mass and weight.

Unit 1 Matter Substances can undergo physical changes which do not change the composition or the total mass of the substance in a closed system.

I can describe the relationship between heat and motion between particles in solids, liquids and gases.

I can describe the relationship between heat and arrangement between particles in solids, liquids and gases.

I can describe the relationship between motion and arrangement between particles in solids, liquids, and gases.

I can explain melting, freezing, condensation, and evaporation.

I can explain the relationship between heat, motion and arrangement between particles in melting, freezing, condensation, and evaporation.

I can identify evidence of physical changes, including changing phase or shape, and dissolving in other materials.

I can describe how mass is conserved during a physical change in a closed system. Pure substances can be identified by properties which are independent of the sample of the substance and the properties can be explained by a model of matter that is composed of small particles.

I can explain density, dissolving, compression, diffusion and thermal expansion using the particle model of matter. Designed and natural systems exist in the world. These systems consist of components the act within the system and interact with other systems.

I can distinguish between open and closed systems.

Unit 2 Motion The motion of an object can describe in terms of speed, direction and change of position.

I can measure the speed of an object that is traveling in a straight line.

I can calculate the speed of an object that is traveling in a straight line.

I can graph an object traveling in a straight line as the object’s position as a function of time  and its speed as a function of time.

I can explain how these graphs describe the object’s motion.

Unit 3 Force Forces have magnitude and direction and affect the motion of objects.

I can recognize that when the forces acting on an object are balanced; the object remains at rest  or continues to move at a constant speed in a straight line.

I can recognize that unbalanced forces cause a change in the speed or direction of the motion of  an object.

I can identify the forces acting on an object.

I can describe how the sum of the forces affects the motion of the object.

I can recognize that some forces between objects act when the objects are in direct contact and  others, such as magnetic, electrical and gravitational forces can act from a distance.

Unit 4 Energy Energy can be transformed within a system or transferred to other systems or the environment.

I can differentiate between kinetic and potential energy.

I can analyze situations where kinetic energy is converted to potential energy and vice versa.

I can trace the changes of energy forms, including thermal, electrical, chemical, mechanical or others as energy is used in devices.

I can describe how heat energy is transferred in conduction, convection and radiation.

Unit 5 Waves Waves involve the transfer of energy without the transfer of matter.

I can describe properties of waves, including speed, wavelength, frequency, and amplitude.

I can explain how the vibration of particles in air and other materials results in the transfer of energy through sound waves.

I can explain reflection, refraction and the color spectrum.

I can use wave properties of light to explain reflection, refraction and the color spectrum.